Rule Machine User Guide


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Rule Machine User Guide

Rule Machine is a powerful automation tool for Hubitat. The Rule Machine User Guide has four sections below: • Conditions and Trigger Events • Actions • Expert Features: Custom Commands • Restrictions

Conditions and Trigger Events

Rules and Triggers respond to events on the selected devices. In the case of a Rule, it evaluates its rule upon any event affecting its Conditions. In the case of a Trigger, it is fired whenever the selected event occurs.

Devices with the following capabilities may be Conditions or Trigger Events: [with noted exceptions]

Acceleration

     "active" or  "inactive"  

Battery

     value

Button [Only available as Trigger Event]

     "number":  "pressed"or "held"

Cloud End Point [Only available as Trigger Event]

     hitting URL fires 

Contact:

     "open" or "closed"

Certain Time [Only available as Trigger Event]

     at a certain time, including sunrise or sunset with offset

Days of week [Only available as Condition]

     "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday", "Sunday"

Dimmer level

     value

Door

     "open", "closed", "opening", "closing", "unknown"

Energy meter

     value 

Garage door

     "open", "closed", "opening", "closing", "unknown"

Humidity

     value

Illuminance

     value

Local End Point [Only available as Trigger Event]

     hitting URL fires 

Lock

     "locked" or "unlocked"

Mode

     any of your location’s modes

Motion

     "active" or "inactive"

Music player

     "playing", "paused", or "stopped"

Periodic [Only available as Trigger Event]

   Allows periodic schedules for minutes, hourly, daily, weekly, monthly or yearly

Physical switch [only available as Trigger Event]

     "on" or "off"

Power meter

     value

Presence

     "present" / "not present"  or  "arrives" / "leaves"

Private Boolean

     "true" or "false"

Rule truth

     "true" or "false"

Switch

     "on" or "off"

Temperature

     value

Thermostat mode

     "heat", "cool", "auto", "off" or "emergency heat"

Thermostat state

     "heating", "cooling", "fan only", "idle", "pending heat" or "pending cool"

Time of day [Only available as Condition]

     between two times, including sunrise or sunset with offsets

Water sensor

     "dry" or "wet"

Note: value means compare current value to a number or to another device with an offset

Actions
• Rules, Triggers, Triggered Rules and Actions run selected Actions.
• Rules and Triggered Rules run Actions for True or Actions for False depending on Rule evaluation outcome.
• Triggers and Actions just run Actions.
Delay these actions [by minutes, seconds, or milliseconds, with optional cancel on change, or random time]
This selection causes all of the selected actions in a Rule (for Actions for True, Actions for False, or simply Actions) to be delayed. A delay of minutes or seconds may apply for any action. A delay of milliseconds only applies for actions on, off, dim level, open, and close. For delays in Rules of minutes or seconds, an option to Cancel on truth change is available. If selected, should the rule truth change before expiration of the delay, the delayed actions are cancelled. A random delay is also available. This will be for a random number of seconds up to the delay time selected.
Repeat these actions [by hours, minutes, or seconds, with option cancel on change
This selection causes all of the selected actions in a Rule (for Actions for True, Actions for False, or simply Actions) to be repeated. The interval of repetition may be selected in hours, minutes or seconds. For repeats in Rules an option to Cancel on truth change is available, and the default. If selected, should the rule truth change the repeating actions are cancelled. See also Stop Actions below.
Turn on these switches
This action turns on the selected switches.
Turn off these switches
This action turns off the selected switches.
Toggle these switches
If the selected switches are on, this action turns them off, and if they are on, it turns them off.
Turn on or off these switches after a delay
This action turns on or turns off the selected switches after a delay. The choice between on or off is available, with off being the default. Delays of minutes, seconds or milliseconds may be selected. Delays of less than 60 seconds may be less reliable. Delays of up to 5000 milliseconds seem to be fairly reliable.
Turn on or off these switches after a delay, pending cancellation
This action turns on or turns off the selected switches after a delay, pending a change of rule truth. Should rule truth change before the expiration of the delay, the delayed action is cancelled. The choice between on or off is available, with off being the default. This action is not available for Triggers or Actions, only for Rules. (Rules Rule!)
Push a button
This action causes the selected button to be pushed.
Push button per mode
This action causes a selected button to be pushed depending upon the current mode. Multiple modes with corresponding buttons can be selected.
Set these dimmers
This action sets the selected dimmers to the selected level with an optional fade time, or tracks another dimmer’s level.
Track event dimmer works along with a Condition or Trigger Event of “Dimmer level”. When this dimmer level event causes the rule to run this action, the selected dimmers are set to the same level as the dimmer that triggered the rule. This can be used in automations where a group of dimmers follow another dimmer as it changes level. The typical usage for a Trigger is to have a Trigger Event of “Dimmer level >= 0”, and then Track Dim as the action.
Set these other dimmers
This action sets the selected dimmers to the selected level with optional fade time, allowing a second dimmer level for each rule.
Toggle these dimmers
If the selected dimmers are on, this action turns them off. If the selected dimmers are off, it sets them to the selected level. Optional fade time may be selected.
Adjust these dimmers
This action adjusts the selected dimmers’ level up or down by the selected amount, with optional fade time. Dimmer values range from 0 to 100. Adjusting to 0 does not necessarily mean that the device is turned off.
Fade these dimmers over time
This action causes the selected dimmers level to be adjusted every 10 seconds evenly over a selected period of time to a selected level, dimming up or down as selected. Once started, this action will run to completion unless a rule runs Stop Action against this rule to stop it.
Set these dimmers per mode
This action sets the selected dimmers to the level selected for the current mode, with optional fade time. Multiple modes with corresponding dimmer levels can be selected.
Capture the state of these switches
This action captures the state of the selected switches, including on/off, hue, saturation and level. The captured state can be used in the “Restore the state of captured switches” action.
Restore the state of captured switches
This action restores the state to the devices selected in the “Capture the state of these switches” action, restoring the devices to the state captured by the most recent Capture action run. It is up to the user to design and use the rule such that Capture occurs prior to Restore. It is possible to select a delay for Restore, and optionally to Cancel such a delay on rule truth change.
Set color temperature for these bulbs
This action sets the colour temperature for the selected bulbs. {a sic compromise}
Set color for these bulbs
This action sets the colour and level for the selected bulbs.
Open these garage doors
This action opens the selected garage doors.
Close these garage doors
This action closes the selected garage doors.
Locks to lock
This action locks the selected locks.
Locks to unlock
This action unlocks the selected locks.
Adjust this fan — Low, Medium, High, Off
This action adjusts a fan switch with successive trigger events first to low, then medium, then high, then off. To simply set a fan switch to low, medium or high, treat it as a dimmer and set the dimmer level to 20, 50, or 80 respectively.
Open these valves
This action opens the selected valves.
Close these valves
This action closes the selected valves.
Set these thermostats
This action sets various settings of a thermostat. The thermostat mode, heating setpoint, cooling setpoint, and fan setting can be selected. It is possible to adjust the heating or cooling setpoints up or down by a selected amount. For thermostat mode, the choices are “auto”, “heat”, “cool”, “off” and “emergency heat”. For the setpoints and adjustments, the number input may have a decimal fraction, e.g. 21.5, which is helpful with degrees Celsius devices. For fan setting, the choices are “on” and “auto”.
Set the mode
This action sets the location mode to the selected mode.
Send or speak a message
This action sends a push or notification, as selected, and optionally includes the name of the device that triggered the actions. It can also send an SMS to multiple phones (separate the numbers with *). This action also supports devices that speak or process text to speech.
Take photos
This action takes a burst of photos with the selected camera.
Evaluate Rules
This action causes the selected Rules to be evaluated.
Run Actions
This action causes the Actions for True or Actions for the selected Rules to be run.
Stop Actions
This action causes delayed, or repeated Actions to be cancelled, Periodic triggers and Fade Dimmer over Time are also cancelled.
Update Rules
This action causes the selected Rules to be updated to refresh subscriptions and schedules.
Set private Boolean
This action sets the Rule’s private Boolean variable to true or false, and/or the private Boolean variable of other Rules to true or false. There is an option to delay this. If the action is to set the rule’s own private Boolean with a delay, the delayed action is treated as an event, causing rule evaluation or possibly a trigger event. Setting a private Boolean of another rule is treated as an event by that rule. Setting a rule’s own private Boolean is not an event unless it is delayed. Private Boolean with a delay may be used to create a looping mechanism. It is possible to have a delay cancelled upon rule truth change.
Run custom commands
This action runs selected custom commands. Custom commands must first be created and saved in the

Expert Features: Custom Commands
With custom commands, you can explore any device you have to see the commands that it offers. There are two steps required to use those commands in your rules, and then a third to manage your commands.
1. Create, test and save your custom command with “Tap to create Custom Commands” on the Rule Machine main page
2. Incorporate the saved custom command into your rules with “Run custom commands”
3. Manage custom commands with “Delete saved commands” and “Test saved command on…”

  1. Create, test and save your custom command
    • Open Rule Machine
    • Under Expert Features “Tap to create Custom Commands”
    • Select a capability for devices to test for available commands (if unsure, try Actuator)
    • Select a device of that capability to test for commands
    • Select New custom command to see the available commands, then select the command you want
    • Once selected, the command will be tested on the selected device and the results of the command execution shown
    • Add any required parameters to the command
    • After the command is executing against the device as expected, select Save command now, then Done, then Done again to return to the Custom Commands page
    • The saved custom command will now be available in your new and existing rules
  2. Select the custom command to run in your rule and the devices to run it on
    • Create a new rule or edit an existing one
    • In the Actions section (at the very bottom), select Run custom command, then select the custom command (saved above) and the devices to run it on
    Be sure that each device selected supports the selected command; any errors will be trapped and shown in the logs.
  3. Manage custom commands One or more custom commands can be removed by selecting them in Delete Custom Commands, then Delete commands now, then Done. You can also test saved custom commands against other devices you might select.

Restrictions
The Restrictions section of defining a rule allows you to restrict when or under what conditions the rule may run. When restricted, the rule does nothing and timers are ignored. Restrictions may seem similar to some Conditions, but they are actually quite distinct. Restrictions do not participate in the logic of the Conditions and the Rule in any way. Restrictions simply enable or disable the rule from doing things. Conditions, on the other hand, are subscribed to their events, and those events cause rule evaluations to occur, and possibly actions to run. A restriction doesn’t do any of those things, it merely restricts.
The restriction options are:
• Only during a certain time [including sunrise or sunset with offsets
This setting restricts when a rule may run to a certain time period, start and stop. Outside of the selected time period, the rule will do nothing, all outstanding timers are ignored.
• Only on certain days of the week
This setting restricts when a rule may run to certain days of the week. On days not selected, the rule will do nothing, all outstanding timers are ignored.
• Only when mode is …
This setting restricts the rule to only run when the location’s mode is one of the modes selected. At any time when not in one of the selected modes, the rule will do nothing, all outstanding timers are ignored.
• Switch to disable Rule
This setting selects a switch device, possibly virtual, which if on disables the rule. If off, the rule is enabled. There is an option to reverse the meanings of on and off, so that on means enable, and off means disable. When the rule is disabled, the rule will do nothing, all outstanding timers are ignored.
• Enable/Disable with private Boolean?
This setting allows the rule’s private Boolean variable to act as an enable / disable selector. If this option is selected, then the rule is enabled when its private Boolean is true, and is disabled when its private Boolean is false. Other rules may set the rule’s private Boolean. The private Boolean variable is initialized to true when a rule is created, so when selecting this option to use private Boolean to disable, the rule will start out enabled. When the rule is disabled, the rule will do nothing, all outstanding timers are ignored.


How do I disable a rule?
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