Motion direction without turning my home into a surveillance state?

Motion detection is a boolean quantity -- motion has been detected or it has not.

I'd like to make my home automation more useful and predictive, by detecting motion in a specific direction (a vector). For example, with the floorplan below, if the motion is from the den towards the bedroom, the hallway and bedroom lights should turn on. If the motion is in the opposite direction, then the hallway and den lights should turn on.

                                  +-------------+
                                  |             |
   +------+-----------------------+             |
   |        /                   \     Bedroom   |
   | Den   /     Hallway         \              |
   |      |---------+   +---------+             |
   +------+      |   \     |      |             |    
                 |         |      +-------------+
                 | Bathroom|     
                 +---------+    

Placing a motion detector at each end of the hallway, facing the other room, would enable some of this logic, but that's very sensitive to the exact location & coverage of the detector (ie., will it alert soon enough to turn on the hallway light, will there be enough distinction between multiple detectors to accurately determine direction, etc). In the mock floorplan, someone exiting the bathroom would likely trigger both hallway motion detectors, turning on both the Den and Bedroom lights.

Does anyone have suggestions or clever ways to detect the direction of motion, without turning your home into a surveillance state with multiple motion detectors covering each possible zone of travel?

I don’t know if any detectors that do direction or even Zoning that aren’t cameras of some kind. Would door contact sensors help this situation? Maybe some beam break sensors

I tried this at first with SmartThings and quickly gave up. I think you’re better off using many motion detectors. Otherwise you will run into problems with lights turning off when people are still in the room (and nothing makes my wife happier than that :wink:). You could try hiding them. Mine are mostly along the white crown moldings, and out of site lines under kitchen cabinets. I try to have 3 detectors in rooms larger than a bathroom, and combine them in the zone motion controller app.

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I've used the Zone Motion Controller app to group motion sensors so I can use them as a group across any automations I want.

Also, @5fe94872fdbd2dbd06a8, you could look at this app. Manages rooms/spaces based on multiple attributes/sensors.

By the way, given your sneaky forum name, I'm pretty nervous that you are the surveillance state.

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You could trigger on one motion detector and then use a wait on another motion detector and check the time between the triggers. If within a sensible time you could assume travel in that direction. I think it is probably not that difficult, but I've never had a need thus far to set this up in my environment.

A combination of multiple motion sensors, contact sensors, and wait checks in rules will do what you are trying.

For a door that is normally closed I use a motion and a door sensor.

If the door is opened with the motion sensor inactive, you are coming from the other side. And if it is active, you are coming from the motion sensor side.

With this, RM decides to open lights, or not, and the delays.

Works great if there is traffic happens on a one by one basis.

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Download the Hubitat app